STD Rates Skyrocket Over Previous Years, CDC Data Shows

Rates for three STDs that were at historic lows just a few years ago are now rising sharply, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).

Posted: Aug 28, 2018 2:33 PM
Updated: Aug 28, 2018 2:39 PM

WASHINGTON, D.C. — The rates of three major sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are rising rapidly among Americans over the last several years, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) released on Tuesday.

STD data from the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) tends to agree, both overall and broken down by the Southern Oregon counties—proving that our area is no exception to the rule.

The CDC report found that health professionals reported nearly 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis in the U.S. throughout 2017—a record high, and one that surpasses the previous record set in 2016 by over 200,000 cases.

Between 2013 and 2017, cases of gonorrhea increased by 67 percent, and flourished with astonishing speed among women, according to the CDC.

Cases of primary and secondary syphilis increased 76 percent, with the majority of those cases found among men having sexual contact with other men. Primary and secondary syphilis are the most infectious stages of the disease, according to the CDC.

Chlamydia remained the most common STD reported to the CDC, with more than 1.7 million cases diagnosed in 2017. Nearly half of those diagnoses came from women between the ages of 15 and 24.

“We are sliding backward,” said Jonathan Mermin, M.D., M.P.H, director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. “It is evident the systems that identify, treat, and ultimately prevent STDs are strained to near-breaking point.”

Although all three of these conditions are curable with antibiotics, many cases go undiagnosed and untreated—potentially leading to severe health effects.

Moreover, the threat of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea has become of increasing concern to health experts. Although gonorrhea has traditionally been treated with ceftriaxone and azithromycin, lab results have found more and more examples of gonorrhea strains that are resistant to one or both of the drugs.

“We expect gonorrhea will eventually wear down our last highly effective antibiotic, and additional treatment options are urgently needed,” said Gail Bolan, M.D., director of CDC’s Division of STD Prevention. “We can’t let our defenses down — we must continue reinforcing efforts to rapidly detect and prevent resistance as long as possible.”

Within the state of Oregon, recent STD data shows—while the rate of HIV remained flat or even decreased between 2006 and 2015—rates of gonorrhea that were falling in 2006 have spiked dramatically since 2010, while cases of early syphilis have risen slowly since that year.

In our local counties, the same trends are clearly visible—particularly the spike in cases of gonorrhea. Jackson County also saw 18 cases of early syphilis (the rarest of the three major conditions) by 2016, even though there were virtually no cases reported between the years 2007 and 2012.

See the sidebar for links to data broken down by the different counties.

Oregon Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 174501

Reported Deaths: 2460
CountyCasesDeaths
Multnomah34800568
Washington23412229
Marion20116299
Clackamas15311204
Lane11554144
Jackson9904127
Umatilla796883
Deschutes708272
Linn414263
Yamhill408775
Klamath345259
Polk342952
Malheur342758
Josephine305462
Douglas304365
Benton273218
Jefferson206432
Coos196831
Columbia153826
Union141124
Lincoln129820
Wasco128928
Hood River112429
Morrow107915
Clatsop8918
Crook87819
Baker85614
Curry5939
Tillamook5803
Lake4137
Grant4064
Harney3056
Wallowa1575
Sherman570
Gilliam561
Wheeler251
Unassigned00

California Coronavirus Cases

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Cases: 3716579

Reported Deaths: 60994
CountyCasesDeaths
Los Angeles122864123628
Riverside2972154525
San Bernardino2945774550
San Diego2748113674
Orange2688694891
Santa Clara1169712013
Kern1078251322
Sacramento1010581646
Fresno1005001643
Alameda852561477
Ventura802301000
San Joaquin714311334
Contra Costa66927782
Stanislaus603831028
Tulare49383830
Monterey43267357
San Mateo41107560
San Francisco35993517
Santa Barbara33863446
Solano31875239
Merced31196452
Sonoma29679311
Imperial27962719
Kings22766245
Placer21751283
San Luis Obispo20917256
Madera16250239
Santa Cruz15554204
Marin13860226
Yolo13559199
Shasta11677217
Butte11549196
El Dorado9719109
Napa965479
Sutter9268109
Yuba609844
San Benito598263
Lassen566924
Tehama543056
Nevada444775
Tuolumne406664
Mendocino398747
Amador362151
Humboldt358737
Lake340643
Glenn235525
Colusa219816
Calaveras205551
Siskiyou194021
Inyo141738
Del Norte12747
Mono12734
Plumas6906
Modoc4884
Mariposa4247
Trinity3985
Sierra1100
Alpine880
Unassigned330
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