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STD Rates Skyrocket Over Previous Years, CDC Data Shows

Rates for three STDs that were at historic lows just a few years ago are now rising sharply, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).

Posted: Aug 28, 2018 2:33 PM
Updated: Aug 28, 2018 2:39 PM

WASHINGTON, D.C. — The rates of three major sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are rising rapidly among Americans over the last several years, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) released on Tuesday.

STD data from the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) tends to agree, both overall and broken down by the Southern Oregon counties—proving that our area is no exception to the rule.

The CDC report found that health professionals reported nearly 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis in the U.S. throughout 2017—a record high, and one that surpasses the previous record set in 2016 by over 200,000 cases.

Between 2013 and 2017, cases of gonorrhea increased by 67 percent, and flourished with astonishing speed among women, according to the CDC.

Cases of primary and secondary syphilis increased 76 percent, with the majority of those cases found among men having sexual contact with other men. Primary and secondary syphilis are the most infectious stages of the disease, according to the CDC.

Chlamydia remained the most common STD reported to the CDC, with more than 1.7 million cases diagnosed in 2017. Nearly half of those diagnoses came from women between the ages of 15 and 24.

“We are sliding backward,” said Jonathan Mermin, M.D., M.P.H, director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. “It is evident the systems that identify, treat, and ultimately prevent STDs are strained to near-breaking point.”

Although all three of these conditions are curable with antibiotics, many cases go undiagnosed and untreated—potentially leading to severe health effects.

Moreover, the threat of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea has become of increasing concern to health experts. Although gonorrhea has traditionally been treated with ceftriaxone and azithromycin, lab results have found more and more examples of gonorrhea strains that are resistant to one or both of the drugs.

“We expect gonorrhea will eventually wear down our last highly effective antibiotic, and additional treatment options are urgently needed,” said Gail Bolan, M.D., director of CDC’s Division of STD Prevention. “We can’t let our defenses down — we must continue reinforcing efforts to rapidly detect and prevent resistance as long as possible.”

Within the state of Oregon, recent STD data shows—while the rate of HIV remained flat or even decreased between 2006 and 2015—rates of gonorrhea that were falling in 2006 have spiked dramatically since 2010, while cases of early syphilis have risen slowly since that year.

In our local counties, the same trends are clearly visible—particularly the spike in cases of gonorrhea. Jackson County also saw 18 cases of early syphilis (the rarest of the three major conditions) by 2016, even though there were virtually no cases reported between the years 2007 and 2012.

See the sidebar for links to data broken down by the different counties.

Oregon Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 132412

Reported Deaths: 1799
CountyCasesDeaths
Multnomah28237458
Washington18512171
Marion16085238
Clackamas11577138
Lane8219108
Jackson686284
Umatilla670968
Deschutes490736
Yamhill316245
Malheur312452
Linn310246
Klamath242238
Polk241340
Josephine170633
Jefferson168725
Benton168414
Douglas166643
Union110416
Wasco106323
Columbia103318
Lincoln98517
Hood River94821
Coos93315
Morrow92710
Clatsop6695
Crook60410
Baker5665
Tillamook3622
Curry3185
Lake2295
Grant2131
Harney1734
Wallowa963
Gilliam481
Sherman470
Wheeler201
Unassigned00

California Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 2955323

Reported Deaths: 33342
CountyCasesDeaths
Los Angeles100392313741
San Bernardino2482851560
Riverside2352352517
San Diego2098972065
Orange2093652320
Santa Clara914661060
Kern83547558
Sacramento802791080
Fresno79950932
Alameda65679757
Ventura59061412
San Joaquin56484748
Contra Costa50627430
Stanislaus41925739
Tulare40176501
Monterey34959249
San Mateo31291294
San Francisco28574254
Imperial24944463
Solano24654105
Santa Barbara23538228
Merced23492296
Sonoma23204234
Kings18661110
Placer16761173
San Luis Obispo15129128
Madera12883130
Santa Cruz11776113
Marin11345153
Yolo10240131
Shasta9594117
Butte9233121
El Dorado751544
Sutter748477
Napa723139
Lassen509413
San Benito485043
Yuba481827
Tehama397142
Tuolumne330438
Nevada309973
Mendocino307631
Amador295329
Lake243428
Humboldt226324
Glenn182419
Colusa16919
Calaveras153823
Siskiyou140813
Mono10834
Inyo92429
Del Norte8472
Plumas5735
Modoc3783
Mariposa3434
Trinity3024
Alpine730
Sierra700
Unassigned00
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