This is what makes Notre Dame cathedral so iconic

Video shows the iconic Notre Dame Cathedral on fire in central Paris.

Posted: Apr 16, 2019 5:59 AM


Notre Dame cathedral, a treasure of French Gothic architecture, is one of the most famous symbols of Paris, attracting an estimated 13 million visitors and pilgrims yearly.

On Monday, a fire broke out at the medieval Catholic church, toppling its spire and destroying the roof.

This much-loved church was built on the Île de la Cité, a natural island in the middle of the Seine river, and for more than 850 years has been at both the physical and spiritual heart of the French capital.

Construction began in 1160, under the instruction of Bishop Maurice de Sully. A Romanesque church that had been on the site was demolished to make way for this much grander, more ambitious Gothic project.

182 years in the making

De Sully never lived to see the cathedral complete. In fact, it was 182 years before the church was finally consecrated in 1345, with the work being carried out under a succession of bishops and master builders.

One of the building's most significant innovations is its use of flying buttresses, which gave the necessary structural support for this huge stone edifice to house more than 6,000 worshipers inside.

It's also famous for its 8,000-pipe organ, one of the world's biggest, which thankfully remains intact following Monday's fire. The bell towers were also saved.

The entire wooden interior of the cathedral has been lost and the condition of the three enormous stained glass Rose Windows is, at the time of writing, uncertain.

Good times and bad

England's King Henry VI was crowned King of France in the cathedral in 1431, and Napoleon I had his coronation as Emperor there in 1804.

Notre Dame was badly damaged during the French Revolution, during which heads of statues were removed and the cathedral was used for food storage.

It was restored by architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th century. The cathedral's central spire, which collapsed on Monday, was added during this period.

The restoration was partly buoyed by the success of Victor Hugo's novel "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" in 1831, which drew attention to the poor condition of the cathedral.

French President Emmanuel Macron, speaking from the scene of Monday's fire, has described the fire as a "terrible tragedy," but has promised Parisians that they will "rebuild this cathedral together."

"It is indeed one of the most incredibly beautiful and important medieval cathedrals in the world," Yaron Yarimi, a New York-based travel agent and Paris expert, said in an email to CNN.

"It is also among the five most requested sites to be visited when we organize travel to Paris for our clients." Yarimi said he was saddened by the fire. "What a tragedy unfolding right in front of our own eyes!"

Oregon Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 177134

Reported Deaths: 2467
CountyCasesDeaths
Multnomah35310570
Washington23704229
Marion20393299
Clackamas15557204
Lane11802144
Jackson10077129
Umatilla800083
Deschutes731272
Linn422263
Yamhill413675
Klamath357159
Polk348452
Malheur343358
Josephine310062
Douglas306566
Benton277719
Jefferson207732
Coos198631
Columbia156126
Union141824
Lincoln130520
Wasco130428
Hood River113529
Morrow108415
Clatsop9078
Crook89519
Baker86714
Curry6049
Tillamook5883
Grant4304
Lake4177
Harney3156
Wallowa1585
Gilliam571
Sherman571
Wheeler261
Unassigned00

California Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 3725088

Reported Deaths: 61193
CountyCasesDeaths
Los Angeles122999823702
Riverside2976314547
San Bernardino2951314569
San Diego2756313681
Orange2692584902
Santa Clara1173792019
Kern1080611333
Sacramento1017871651
Fresno1007681650
Alameda856521477
Ventura803601002
San Joaquin717351334
Contra Costa67157782
Stanislaus606491035
Tulare49443831
Monterey43301364
San Mateo41251560
San Francisco36117529
Santa Barbara33926445
Solano32086243
Merced31289453
Sonoma29734312
Imperial28024719
Kings22781245
Placer21957283
San Luis Obispo20991257
Madera16301240
Santa Cruz15719204
Marin13868227
Yolo13581200
Shasta11747219
Butte11619196
El Dorado9797109
Napa971579
Sutter9299109
Yuba612744
San Benito598863
Lassen567924
Tehama544556
Nevada448975
Tuolumne408664
Mendocino399647
Humboldt365938
Amador363146
Lake341843
Glenn235925
Colusa220416
Calaveras206252
Siskiyou196521
Inyo141838
Del Norte12907
Mono12744
Plumas6936
Modoc4904
Mariposa4297
Trinity3985
Sierra1100
Alpine880
Unassigned470
Medford
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 72° Lo: 39°
Feels Like: 45°
Brookings
Partly Cloudy
44° wxIcon
Hi: 71° Lo: 45°
Feels Like: 44°
Medford
Clear
47° wxIcon
Hi: 48° Lo: 26°
Feels Like: 45°
Medford
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 74° Lo: 39°
Feels Like: 45°
Klamath Falls
Clear
40° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 33°
Feels Like: 40°
Warm and windy Thursday
KDRV Radar
KDRV Fire Danger
KDRV Weather Cam

Community Events

Latest Video

Image

Wednesday, April 21st Evening Weather

Image

Wednesday, April 21 afternoon weather

Image

Tuesday, April 20th Evening Weather

Image

Tuesday, April 20 Morning Weather

Image

Monday, April 19th Evening Weather

Image

Sunday, April 18th Overnight Weather

Image

Raiders sweep No. 23 College of Idaho, extend win streak to 13

Image

Saturday, April 17 evening weather

Image

Saturday, April 17 morning weather

Image

New Southern Oregon Speedway promotors in dash to prepare track