BREAKING NEWS 1,200 acre wildfire reported five miles north of Beatty Full Story

Nearly half of US adults have cardiovascular disease, study says

Nearly half of all adults in the United States have some type of cardiovascular disease, according to the American Heart Association, defining the condition...

Posted: Jan 31, 2019 5:31 AM

Nearly half of all adults in the United States have some type of cardiovascular disease, according to the American Heart Association, defining the condition as coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke or high blood pressure.

And after decades of declines, deaths from cardiovascular disease are on the rise again, with 840,678 deaths recorded in 2016, up from 836,546 in 2015, according to the association's annual report Heart and Stroke Statistics, published Thursday in the medical journal Circulation.

"Cardiovascular disease produces immense health and economic burdens in the United States and globally," the authors wrote.

The 48% prevalence of cardiovascular disease -- nearly 121.5 million adults -- is a significant uptick over the rate cited last year, although this was mainly driven by the way high blood pressure is defined. Hypertension guidelines were updated so that people whose blood pressure is 130/80 or above are now considered "hypertensive"; previously, the definition was 140/90.

Excluding high blood pressure, prevalence of cardiovascular disease among US adults is 9% overall, a decline from 11.5% in 2015.

Dr. David Zhao, chief of cardiology medicine and executive director of the Heart and Vascular Center at Wake Forest Baptist Health in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, described the new report as a "painful reminder" that heart disease is still the No. 1 cause of death and disease in the nation.

"Overall, we have made a lot of progress," said Zhao, who was not involved in the report. Still, "we have not yet made substantial advancement in obesity, diabetes, and unhealthy behavior," which includes smoking, not exercising, poor diet and being overweight. About 8 of every 10 cases of cardiovascular disease can be prevented by controlling high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, according to the heart association.

The scorecard also shows some terrific gains. Self-reported inactivity among adults has been declining since 1998, with the trend escalating in recent years. Passivity plummeted from 40.1% to 26.9% between 2007 and 2016, the report shows.

Over the past five decades, smoking rates have also declined: About 51% of males and 34% of females smoked in 1965, compared with just 16.7% of males and 13.6% of females in 2015.

The new report includes a new recommendation that adults get at least seven hours of sleep per night to promote optimal health. One recent study found that too much or too little -- more than eight hours or less than seven hours per night -- was linked with a greater risk of death from all causes.

"We really have to work harder to reduce all the risk factors in order to reduce rates of cardiovascular disease," Zhao said, highlighting obesity. Nearly 4 out of 10 US adults and nearly 1 out of 5 youths is obese, while 7.7% of adults and 5.6% of youth are severely so, the report finds.

Additionally, not all groups have made equal strides in quitting or never smoking cigarettes.

"Substantially higher tobacco use prevalence rates are observed in American Indian/Alaska Natives and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations, as well as among individuals with low socioeconomic status, those with mental illness, individuals with HIV who are receiving medical care, and those who are active-duty military," the report notes. "Over the past 6 years, there has been a sharp increase in e-cigarette use among adolescents."

Overall, Zhao believes that "lots of work still needs to be done."

We may be seeing downward trajectory in some risk factors and cardiovascular disease itself, "but we're not there yet," he said. "That's something all of us need to start to think about: What can we do together to really improve our health, our healthy behavior, and reduce our weight?"

Oregon Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 174501

Reported Deaths: 2460
CountyCasesDeaths
Multnomah34800568
Washington23412229
Marion20116299
Clackamas15311204
Lane11554144
Jackson9904127
Umatilla796883
Deschutes708272
Linn414263
Yamhill408775
Klamath345259
Polk342952
Malheur342758
Josephine305462
Douglas304365
Benton273218
Jefferson206432
Coos196831
Columbia153826
Union141124
Lincoln129820
Wasco128928
Hood River112429
Morrow107915
Clatsop8918
Crook87819
Baker85614
Curry5939
Tillamook5803
Lake4137
Grant4064
Harney3056
Wallowa1575
Sherman570
Gilliam561
Wheeler251
Unassigned00

California Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 3716579

Reported Deaths: 60994
CountyCasesDeaths
Los Angeles122864123628
Riverside2972154525
San Bernardino2945774550
San Diego2748113674
Orange2688694891
Santa Clara1169712013
Kern1078251322
Sacramento1010581646
Fresno1005001643
Alameda852561477
Ventura802301000
San Joaquin714311334
Contra Costa66927782
Stanislaus603831028
Tulare49383830
Monterey43267357
San Mateo41107560
San Francisco35993517
Santa Barbara33863446
Solano31875239
Merced31196452
Sonoma29679311
Imperial27962719
Kings22766245
Placer21751283
San Luis Obispo20917256
Madera16250239
Santa Cruz15554204
Marin13860226
Yolo13559199
Shasta11677217
Butte11549196
El Dorado9719109
Napa965479
Sutter9268109
Yuba609844
San Benito598263
Lassen566924
Tehama543056
Nevada444775
Tuolumne406664
Mendocino398747
Amador362151
Humboldt358737
Lake340643
Glenn235525
Colusa219816
Calaveras205551
Siskiyou194021
Inyo141738
Del Norte12747
Mono12734
Plumas6906
Modoc4884
Mariposa4247
Trinity3985
Sierra1100
Alpine880
Unassigned330
Medford
Partly Cloudy
56° wxIcon
Hi: 82° Lo: 41°
Feels Like: 56°
Brookings
Partly Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 70° Lo: 47°
Feels Like: 45°
Medford
Partly Cloudy
56° wxIcon
Hi: 58° Lo: 30°
Feels Like: 56°
Medford
Partly Cloudy
56° wxIcon
Hi: 84° Lo: 39°
Feels Like: 56°
Klamath Falls
Partly Cloudy
39° wxIcon
Hi: 70° Lo: 33°
Feels Like: 39°
Still pretty warm Monday
KDRV Radar
KDRV Fire Danger
KDRV Weather Cam

Community Events