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Supreme Court Nominations Fast Facts

Here's a look at Supreme Court nominations....

Posted: Oct 10, 2018 3:17 AM
Updated: Oct 10, 2018 3:17 AM

Here's a look at Supreme Court nominations.

Under Article II of the Constitution, the President nominates justices to the Supreme Court, with the "advice and consent of the Senate."

Appointments

Elena Kagan

Government and public administration

Government bodies and offices

John Roberts (Justice)

Political Figures - US

Politics

Sonia Sotomayor

US Congress

US federal court system

US federal government

US Senate

US Supreme Court

Fast Facts

North America

United States

Continents and regions

Government organizations - US

The Americas

Anthony Kennedy

Brett Kavanaugh

If a vacancy occurs when Congress is not in session, a recess appointment allows an appointee to serve without Senate approval until Congress reconvenes.

One hundred and sixty-three nominations have been submitted to the Senate (including nominations for chief justice). Of those, there have been 126 confirmations, with seven instances of individuals declining to serve.

Other Facts:
The American Bar Association's Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary evaluates all nominees to the Supreme Court for the Justice Department and the Senate Judiciary Committee. The organization has three possible rankings: qualified, well-qualified, and not qualified.

There is no requirement that the chief justice of the Supreme Court previously serve as an associate justice, but five of the 17 chief justices have. Three justices served on the Court immediately before being elevated to chief justice: Edward D. White, Harlan Fiske Stone and William Rehnquist. Two justices had a break between their service as associate justice and being appointed chief justice: Charles Evans Hughes and John Rutledge.

Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed nine justices during his 12-year presidency, the most since George Washington. Jimmy Carter is the only US president to complete a full term of office and never have the opportunity to nominate a justice.

Timeline:
1952 - Presidents begin consulting the American Bar Association before making Supreme Court nominations.

1950s - President Dwight D. Eisenhower makes recess appointments of Earl Warren, Potter Stewart and William J. Brennan. All three are later confirmed by the Senate.

1955 - Nominees begin appearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee for confirmation hearings.

1981 - Senate Judiciary Committee Hearings are televised for the first time.

1987 - Nominee Robert Bork is rejected by the Senate. Anthony Kennedy takes the seat.

October 15, 1991 - Justice Clarence Thomas wins Senate confirmation by the narrowest margin in the 20th century, 52-48.

1990s - President Bill Clinton is the first Democratic president since 1967 to fill a Supreme Court vacancy. He appoints two: Justice Stephen Breyer and Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

March 22, 2001 - The Bush Administration announces it will not consult with the ABA before judicial candidates are formally nominated. The administration says it is concerned about the ABA's semi-official role in the process.

October 3, 2005 - John Roberts is sworn in as chief justice of the United States, replacing Rehnquist, who died on September 3.

October 27, 2005 - Harriet Miers withdraws her Supreme Court nomination.

January 31, 2006 - Samuel Alito is confirmed by the Senate (58-42) as an associate justice, replacing Sandra Day O'Connor. He is immediately sworn in by Chief Justice Roberts.

August 6, 2009 - Sonia Sotomayor is confirmed by the Senate in a 68-31 vote, as the first Hispanic justice on the Supreme Court. Sotomayor replaces Justice David Souter who is retiring.

August 8, 2009 - Sotomayor is sworn in as the 111th Supreme Court Justice.

May 10, 2010 - President Barack Obama nominates Solicitor General Elena Kagan to fill the seat of retiring Justice John Paul Stevens.

August 5, 2010 - Kagan is confirmed by the US Senate (63-37) as an associate justice.

August 7, 2010 - Kagan is sworn in as the 112th Supreme Court Justice.

March 16, 2016 - Obama nominates Judge Merrick Garland to replace the late Justice Antonin Scalia. No hearings are held.

February 1, 2017 - President Donald Trump nominates Judge Neil Gorsuch to replace Scalia.

April 7, 2017 - The US Senate confirms Gorsuch (54-45) as an associate justice.

April 10, 2017 - Gorsuch is sworn in as the 113th Supreme Court Justice.

July 10, 2018 - Trump nominates Brett Kavanaugh to fill the seat of retiring Justice Kennedy.

October 6, 2018 - Kavanaugh wins Senate confirmation by the narrowest margin in 137 years, in a 50-48 vote. In 1881, Stanley Matthews was confirmed by the Senate in a 24-23 vote. Kavanaugh is administered the official Constitutional Oath and Judicial Oath by Chief Justice Roberts and retired Justice Kennedy shortly after being confirmed by the Senate, while the ceremonial swearing-in event takes place at the White House on October 8.

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Washington38530317
Marion36621448
Clackamas29551307
Lane27511300
Jackson22911308
Deschutes20066125
Umatilla14401146
Linn12732127
Douglas12019243
Josephine9334196
Yamhill8645111
Klamath7898116
Polk729981
Malheur559576
Benton543531
Coos498094
Columbia378143
Jefferson370752
Union317348
Lincoln317238
Wasco286540
Crook283546
Clatsop243229
Baker201528
Tillamook195929
Hood River191637
Morrow184023
Curry179825
Harney112126
Grant99513
Lake91812
Wallowa68312
Gilliam1534
Sherman1503
Wheeler1121
Unassigned00

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Cases: 4835022

Reported Deaths: 71032
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Los Angeles148065626473
Riverside3708005020
San Diego3656704178
San Bernardino3577115627
Orange3237885538
Sacramento1589272303
Kern1455891632
Fresno1455032073
Santa Clara1452251898
Alameda1204021391
San Joaquin1024051721
Ventura1008821166
Contra Costa997401004
Stanislaus858701326
Tulare79709958
San Francisco54299645
San Mateo54046622
Monterey50815583
Solano45958341
Santa Barbara45074522
Merced42144580
Sonoma40895402
Placer39222424
Imperial35906764
Kings32708322
San Luis Obispo29863332
Madera23761285
Butte23726268
Shasta23637349
Santa Cruz20962218
Yolo20275248
Marin17674244
El Dorado17123149
Sutter13873174
Napa12871100
Yuba1003382
Tehama9448108
Humboldt9195108
Nevada912990
Mendocino760087
Lassen754347
San Benito742772
Tuolumne685589
Lake6593104
Amador542964
Siskiyou447046
Glenn435233
Calaveras387280
Del Norte357642
Colusa303318
Inyo208040
Mono16673
Plumas16198
Mariposa132815
Trinity87211
Modoc6795
Unassigned2260
Sierra1840
Alpine1030
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